Vietnam Unesco Sites – By 2014 Vietnam owns eight UNESCO heritage sites, including The complex of Hue monuments; Ha Long Bay; Hoi An Ancient town; My Son sanctuary; Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park; Imperial citadel of Thang Long; Citadel of Ho Dynasty; Trang An Landscape Complex.

Unesco Heritage sites in Vietnam

1. The Complex of Hue Monuments

Unesco Heritage sites in Vietnam

Located in Hue city listed in 1993. The complex of Hue monuments is a combination of many royal aspects from the Nguyen Dynasty from 1802 to 1945.

The complex of Hue monuments is an outstanding example of an eastern feudal capital and of the planning and construction of a complete defended capital city in a relatively short period.

The complex of Hue monuments is an outstanding example of an eastern feudal capital and of the planning and construction of a complete defended capital city in a relatively short period.


2. Halong Bay

halong bay attractions

Ha Long Bay Located in Quang Ninh Province listed in 1994 and 2000 as an area of around 1,553 km2, including 1,969 limestone islands.

The core of the bay has an area of 334 km2 with of 775 islands. The limestone in this bay has gone through 500 millions years of formation in different conditions and environments.

The evolution of the karst in this bay has taken 20 million years under the impact of the tropical wet climate.


3. Hoian Ancient Town

Unesco Heritage sites in Vietnam

Hoi An located in Quang Nam Province and is home to approximately 150,000 inhabitants.

Listed in 1999, Hoi An Ancient Town is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a South-East Asian trading port dating from the 15th to the 19th century.

Its buildings and its street plan reflect the influences, both indigenous and foreign, that have combined to produce this unique heritage site.


4. My Son Sanctuary 

Unesco Heritage sites in Vietnam

My Son located in Quang Nam Province, listed in 1999. My Son is a complex of ruined Hindu temples and tombs constructed between the 4th and the 14th century AD by the kings of Champa.

The My Son Sanctuary is a remarkable architectural ensemble that developed over a period of the centuries.

It presents a vivid picture of spiritual and political life in an important phase of the history of South-East Asia.


5. Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park

Unesco Heritage sites in Vietnam

Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park located in Quang Binh Province, listed in 2003.

Situated in a limestone zone of 2,000 km2, the core zone of Phong Nha – Ke Bang national park covers 857 km2. The park was created to protect one of the world’s two largest karst regions with 300 caves and grottos and also protects the ecosystem of limestone forest. Phong Nha – Ke Bang national park has a system of 300 caves and grottos with

Phong Nha – Ke Bang national park has a system of 300 caves and grottos with total length of about 126 km. it is held several world cave records, as it has the longest underground river, as well as the largest caverns and passageways. In 2009, the world’s largest cave was discovered by a team of British cave explorers – Son Doong Cave


6. Imperial Citadel of Thang Long

Unesco Heritage sites in Vietnam

Imperial citadel of Thang Long located in Ha Noi, listed in 2010.

The area is a cultural complex, firstly built by the Le Dynasty since the 11th century, expanded by the Tran, Le and the Nguyen Dynasty until the 20th century.

The royal palaces and most of the structures had changed over the centuries and heavily destroyed by the French invasion in the late 19th century, by the end of the 20th century, many of the remaining structures were torn down


7. Citadel of Ho Dynasty 

Unesco Heritage sites in Vietnam

Citadel of Ho Dynasty was constructed by the Ho Dynasty (1400 – 1407), located in Thanh Hoa Province.

Listed in 2011. The Citadel of Ho Dynasty is combined by many heavy stone packs, some of them weight more than 20 tons.

In addition, inside the citadel, archeologist found the stone balls for cannon


8. Trang An Landscape Complex 

trang an bai dinh day trip 9

Trang An Landscape Complex located in Ninh Binh Province, listed in 2014.

Situated on the southern shore of the Red River Delta, Trang An is a spectacular landscape of limestone karst peaks permeated with valleys, some of which are submerged, and surrounded by steep, almost vertical cliffs. Exploration of some of the highest altitude caves dotted across the landscape has revealed archaeological traces of human activity dating back almost 30,000 years.

They illustrate the occupation of these mountains by hunter-gatherers and how they adapted to climatic and environmental changes. The property also includes Hoa Lu, the old capital of Viet Nam in the 10th and 11th centuries AD, as well as temples, pagodas, paddy-field landscapes, with villages and sacred sites.